Name

regtool — View or edit the Windows registry

Synopsis

regtool [OPTION] (add|check|get|list|remove|unset|load|unload|save) KEY
      

Options

Actions:

 add KEY\SUBKEY             add new SUBKEY
 check KEY                  exit 0 if KEY exists, 1 if not
 get KEY\VALUE              prints VALUE to stdout
 list KEY                   list SUBKEYs and VALUEs
 remove KEY                 remove KEY
 set KEY\VALUE [data ...]   set VALUE
 unset KEY\VALUE            removes VALUE from KEY
 load KEY\SUBKEY PATH       load hive from PATH into new SUBKEY
 unload KEY\SUBKEY          unload hive and remove SUBKEY
 save KEY\SUBKEY PATH       save SUBKEY into new file PATH
 restore KEY\SUBKEY PATH    restore SUBKEY from file PATH

Options for 'list' Action:

 -k, --keys           print only KEYs
 -l, --list           print only VALUEs
 -p, --postfix        like ls -p, appends '\' postfix to KEY names

Options for 'get' Action:

 -b, --binary         print REG_BINARY data as hex bytes
 -n, --none           print data as stream of bytes as stored in registry
 -x, --hex            print numerical data as hex numbers

Options for 'set' Action:

 -b, --binary         set type to REG_BINARY (hex args or '-')
 -D, --dword-be       set type to REG_DWORD_BIG_ENDIAN
 -e, --expand-string  set type to REG_EXPAND_SZ
 -i, --integer        set type to REG_DWORD
 -m, --multi-string   set type to REG_MULTI_SZ
 -n, --none           set type to REG_NONE
 -Q, --qword          set type to REG_QWORD
 -s, --string         set type to REG_SZ

Options for 'set' and 'unset' Actions:

 -K<c>, --key-separator[=]<c>  set key separator to <c> instead of '\'

Options for 'restore' action:

 -f, --force    restore even if open handles exist at or beneath the location
                in the registry hierarchy to which KEY\SUBKEY points

Other Options:

 -h, --help     output usage information and exit
 -q, --quiet    no error output, just nonzero return if KEY/VALUE missing
 -v, --verbose  verbose output, including VALUE contents when applicable
 -w, --wow64    access 64 bit registry view (ignored on 32 bit Windows)
 -W, --wow32    access 32 bit registry view (ignored on 32 bit Windows)
 -V, --version  output version information and exit

KEY is in the format [host]\prefix\KEY\KEY\VALUE, where host is optional
remote host in either \\hostname or hostname: format and prefix is any of:
  root     HKCR  HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT (local only)
  config   HKCC  HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG (local only)
  user     HKCU  HKEY_CURRENT_USER (local only)
  machine  HKLM  HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
  users    HKU   HKEY_USERS

You can use forward slash ('/') as a separator instead of backslash, in
that case backslash is treated as escape character
Example: regtool get '\user\software\Microsoft\Clock\iFormat'

Description

The regtool program allows shell scripts to access and modify the Windows registry. Note that modifying the Windows registry is dangerous, and carelessness here can result in an unusable system. Be careful.

The -v option means "verbose". For most commands, this causes additional or lengthier messages to be printed. Conversely, the -q option supresses error messages, so you can use the exit status of the program to detect if a key exists or not (for example).

The -w option allows you to access the 64 bit view of the registry. Several subkeys exist in a 32 bit and a 64 bit version when running on Windows 64. Since Cygwin is running in 32 bit mode, it only has access to the 32 bit view of these registry keys. When using the -w switch, the 64 bit view is used and regtool can access the entire registry. This option is simply ignored when running on 32 bit Windows versions.

The -W option allows you to access the 32 bit view on the registry. The purpose of this option is mainly for symmetry. It permits creation of OS agnostic scripts which would also work in a hypothetical 64 bit version of Cygwin.

You must provide regtool with an action following options (if any). Currently, the action must be add, set, check, get, list, remove, set, or unset.

The add action adds a new key. The check action checks to see if a key exists (the exit code of the program is zero if it does, nonzero if it does not). The get action gets the value of a key, and prints it (and nothing else) to stdout. Note: if the value doesn't exist, an error message is printed and the program returns a non-zero exit code. If you give -q, it doesn't print the message but does return the non-zero exit code.

The list action lists the subkeys and values belonging to the given key. With list, the -k option instructs regtool to print only KEYs, and the -l option to print only VALUEs. The -p option postfixes a '/' to each KEY, but leave VALUEs with no postfix. The remove action removes a key. Note that you may need to remove everything in the key before you may remove it, but don't rely on this stopping you from accidentally removing too much.

The get action prints a value within a key. With the -b option, data is printed as hex bytes. -n allows to print the data as a typeless stream of bytes. Integer values (REG_DWORD, REG_QWORD) are usually printed as decimal values. The -x option allows to print the numbers as hexadecimal values.

The set action sets a value within a key. -b means it's binary data (REG_BINARY). The binary values are specified as hex bytes in the argument list. If the argument is '-', binary data is read from stdin instead. -d or -i means the value is a 32 bit integer value (REG_DWORD). -D means the value is a 32 bit integer value in Big Endian representation (REG_DWORD_BIG_ENDIAN). -Q means the value is a 64 bit integer value (REG_QWORD). -s means the value is a string (REG_SZ). -e means it's an expanding string (REG_EXPAND_SZ) that contains embedded environment variables. -m means it's a multi-string (REG_MULTI_SZ). If you don't specify one of these, regtool tries to guess the type based on the value you give. If it looks like a number, it's a DWORD, unless it's value doesn't fit into 32 bit, in which case it's a QWORD. If it starts with a percent, it's an expanding string. If you give multiple values, it's a multi-string. Else, it's a regular string.

The unset action removes a value from a key.

The load action adds a new subkey and loads the contents of a registry hive into it. The parent key must be HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE or HKEY_USERS. The unload action unloads the file and removes the subkey.

The save action saves a subkey into a registry file. Ideally you append the suffix .reg to the file so it gets automatically recognized as registry file by Windows Explorer.

The restore action restores a registry subkey from a file saved via the aforementioned save action.

By default, the last "\" or "/" is assumed to be the separator between the key and the value. You can use the -K option to provide an alternate key/value separator character.